What are Electrolytes

Lets get to know ourselves a little bit more, now this is something we don’t think or really know off: ELECTROLYTES?

What are Electrolytes, why do we need them, what do they do for us or in us and how do we get them?

From contracting muscles, staying hydrated to regulating fluid levels, electrolytes support a number of functions. Other purposes of electrolytes support nerve cell communication, release of hormones, blood clotting and tissue repair.

They also help in the flow of electricity throughout the body that enable muscle contraction, according to Nutrition Stripped.




Many people believe that energy drinks and tablets are the only sources of electrolytes but there are natural foods that actually help in these minerals’ production. Good sources of electrolytes include fruits, vegetables, coconut water, dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds.

Since these minerals support various body functions, it is important to keep it balanced, may it be through supplements or a good and natural diet. Electrolyte imbalance commonly occurs due to poor diet, diarrhea, vomiting or sweating too much.

The people with diseases affecting their kidneys are also at risk of such imbalance. Too low or too much electrolytes in the body can lead to serious and life-threatening health problems.

Symptoms of electrolyte imbalances include muscle spasms or cramping, irregular heartbeat, fatigue, headaches, diarrhea and constipation. It may also cause nausea, confusion and irritability.


Types Of Electrolytes

Calcium

Calcium not only helps in bone and teeth formation. As an electrolyte, it prevents the body from using stored calcium from bones for other functions. If left uncontrolled, such process could lead to osteoporosis.

At least 1,000 mg to 1,500 mg of calcium per day would help maintain balance.

 

Sodium

Sodium serves as one of the most important electrolytes. It helps manage and regulate levels of fluid outside cells that support various body functions. Experts suggest intake of at least 1,500 mg to 2,300 mg of sodium per day.



Magnesium

Magnesium is another type of electrolyte that also supports bone and teeth formation. Other benefits include better enzyme function and improved contraction and relaxation of muscles. The recommended consumption of magnesium depends on gender and age.

 

Potassium

Potassium works to regulate flow of sodium in the body. This electrolyte helps remove excess sodium through urine and prevent high blood pressure. An adult American is recommended to take 4,500 mg to 4,700 mg of potassium daily.

 

Phosphorus

This electrolyte works well for the storage of energy, nerve function and muscle contraction. Adults should take 700 mg to 1,250 mg of phosphorus per day to avoid electrolyte imbalance.


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